(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. damage, ruin, impair; overindulge, humor; despoil, plunder, sack, pillage, rob; decay, putrefy, rot, mold, ferment. See deterioration. —n. plunder, loot, booty, spoliation. See acquisition.
(Roget's IV) v.
1. [To decay]
Syn. decay, rot, decompose, become tainted; see decay .
2. [To ruin]
Syn. destroy, defile, plunder; see disgrace .
See Synonym Study at decay , indulge , injure .
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) v.
1. damage ruin, destroy, injure, impair, wreck, harm, *mess up, *louse up, demolish, mar, blemish.
2. overindulge pamper, coddle, mollycoddle, cosset, baby, wait on, cater to, *kill with kindness, overprotect, smother, lavish, shelter.
3. decay rot, putrefy, go bad, decompose, sour, turn moldy, addle, deteriorate.
ANT.: 1. enhance, better, improve. 2. harden, be strict with, deprive
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I verb 1. To become or cause to become rotten or unsound: break down, decay, decompose, deteriorate, disintegrate, molder, putrefy, rot, taint, turn. Idioms: go bad, go to pot, go to seed. See BETTER, THRIVE. 2. To cause the complete ruin or wreckage of: bankrupt, break down, cross up, demolish, destroy, finish, ruin, shatter, sink, smash, torpedo, undo, wash up, wrack2, wreck. Slang: total. Idiom: put the kibosh on. See HELP. 3. To harm irreparably through inept handling; make a mess: ball up, blunder, boggle, botch, bungle, foul up, fumble, gum up, mess up, mishandle, mismanage, muddle, muff. Informal: bollix up, muck up. Slang: blow1, goof up, louse up, screw up, snafu. Idiom: make a muck of. See CORRECT, HELP. 4. To treat with indulgence and often over-tender care: baby, cater, coddle, cosset, indulge, mollycoddle, overindulge, pamper. See TREAT WELL. 5. Archaic. To rob of goods by force, especially in time of war: depredate, despoil, havoc, loot, pillage, plunder, ransack, rape, ravage, sack2, spoliate, strip1. Archaic: harrow. See CRIMES, GIVE. II noun 1. Goods or property seized unlawfully, especially by a victor in wartime. Used in plural: booty, loot, pillage, plunder. Slang: boodle. Nautical: prize2. See CRIMES, GIVE. 2. The political appointments or jobs that are at the disposal of those in power. Used in plural: patronage. Slang: pork. See POLITICS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spoil — (spoil), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spoiled} (spoild) or {Spoilt} (spoilt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Spoiling}.] [F. spolier, OF. espoillier, fr. L. spoliare, fr. spolium spoil. Cf. {Despoil}, {Spoliation}.] 1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to pillage; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoil — n Spoil, plunder, booty, prize, loot, swag can mean something of value that is taken from another by force or craft. Spoil applies to the movable property of a defeated enemy, which by the custom of old time warfare belongs to the victor and of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Spoil — Spoil, n. [Cf. OF. espoille, L. spolium.] 1. That which is taken from another by violence; especially, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty. [1913 Webster] Gentle gales, Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense Native perfumes, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoil — [ spɔıl ] verb ** ▸ 1 make worse ▸ 2 allow child everything ▸ 3 treat someone with care ▸ 4 food: become too old ▸ 5 in election ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) transitive to affect something in a way that makes it worse, less attractive, or less enjoyable:… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Spoil — (spoil), v. i. 1. To practice plunder or robbery. [1913 Webster] Outlaws, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; to decay; as, fruit will soon… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoil — c.1300, from O.Fr. espoillier to strip, plunder, from L. spoliare to strip of clothing, rob, from spolium armor stripped from an enemy, booty; originally skin stripped from a killed animal, from PIE *spol yo , perhaps from root *spel to split, to …   Etymology dictionary

  • spoil — [v1] ruin, hurt blemish, damage, debase, deface, defile, demolish, depredate, desecrate, desolate, despoil, destroy, devastate, disfigure, disgrace, harm, impair, injure, make useless, mar, mess up*, muck up*, pillage, plunder, prejudice, ravage …   New thesaurus

  • spoil — [spoil] vt. spoiled or Brit. spoilt, spoiling [ME spoilen < MFr espoillier < L spoliare, to plunder < spolium, arms taken from a defeated foe, plunder, orig., hide stripped from an animal < IE base * (s)p(h)el , to split, tear off… …   English World dictionary

  • spoil|er — «SPOY luhr», noun. 1. a person or thing that spoils. 2. a person who takes spoils. 3. a movable flap on the upper surface of the wing of an airplane, to help in slowing down or in decreasing lift, as in descending or landing. 4. an airflow… …   Useful english dictionary

  • spoil — I (impair) verb addle, blemish, blight, botch, break, bungle, butcher, corrumpere, corrupt, damage, damage irreparably, debase, decay, decompose, deface, defile, deform, demolish, destroy, deteriorate, dilapidate, disable, disfigure, go bad, harm …   Law dictionary

  • spoil — ► VERB (past and past part. spoilt (chiefly Brit. ) or spoiled) 1) diminish or destroy the value or quality of. 2) (of food) become unfit for eating. 3) harm the character of (a child) by being too indulgent. 4) treat with great or excessive… …   English terms dictionary

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